The lecture examines the populist political communication in post-state-socialist Romania, sketching several wider conclusions in the Central and Eastern European context. It concentrates on the editorials of populist radical right party leader (Corneliu Vadim Tudor) published at election times between 2000 and 2012 in the weekly party organ Greater Romania Magazine (Revista România Mare, RRM). The lecture represents a dialogue between regional studies and political sociology–particularly the political communication of populist radical right ideology in the Central and East European context; media studies–mainly the ability of media frames to become a panoptic mechanism to discipline gender performances, with regard to constructing national identities; from a decidedly intersectional perspective. Two interconnected studies are presented.
– One concerns how the desirable ideals of femininity for the ethno-nationalist project are framed in populist radical right media–at the intersection of gender, class and ethnicity (Norocel 2016).
– The other examines how ideals of male heterosexuality for the aforementioned ethno-nationalist project are framed with the aid of appeals to religion in populist radical right media at election times–at the intersection of gender, sexuality, religion and ethnicity (Norocel 2015).
With the help of critical media framing, then, the two studies evidence the interplay between the previously mentioned categories of difference in disciplining gender performances that were deemed suitable for accomplishing the ethno-nationalist project: enforcing traditional gender roles within the ethnic community, and narrowly ascribing religious piety and reproductive heterosexuality as cornerstones for safeguarding the purity of the Romanian nation. These findings are then discussed against the latest developments in the region, suggesting further avenues for research.
- Ov Cristian Norocel, 2016, “Disciplinary intersections of gender and ethnicity in populist radical right media in Romania”, Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Vol. 23, No. 2, 247–264.
- Ov Cristian Norocel, 2015, “The Panoptic Performance of Masculinity for the Romanian Ethno-Nationalist Project: Disciplinary Intersections in Populist Radical Right Print Media”, Journal of Diversity and Gender Studies (DiGeSt), 2(1-2) 143-156.
Ov Cristian Norocel is CEREN-affiliated postdoctoral researcher in the University of Helsinki (Finland), and visiting postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Government in Uppsala University (Sweden). Norocel’s research is centered in the fields of intersectional analyses of political radicalism and extremism, and nationalism, ethnic minorities, and citizenship issues across Europe. He guest co-edited the Special Issue Welfare Chauvinism in Critical Social Policy 36(3) (2016). His most notable publications Our People a Tight-knit Family under the Same Protective Roof (Unigrafia, 2013) and ‘“Give Us Back Sweden!” A Feminist Reading of the (Re)Interpretations of the Folkhem Conceptual Metaphor in Swedish Radical Right Populist Discourse’, Nora 21(1) (2013) both deal with radical right populist ideology from an intersectional perspective. He is Finnish MC in COST IS1308 Populist Political Communication in Europe and co-chair of RN32 Political Sociology.